《Science》：South China: A rising power in science
Under the guidance of the Finance Office of Guangdong Provincial Government and the Bureau of Financial Affairs of Guangzhou, Guangdong University of Finance and Economics hosted the "2018 International Forum of the Bay Area Economic Development" on June 23rd 2018, at the 7th China (Guangzhou) International Finance Expo. With the theme of “Global Dialogue on the World Bay”, the international forum invites UN experts and top scholars studying the world's Bay Area economy to explore the development trend of the World Bay Area, the economic development of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and jointly grasp the future Economic direction of the Bay Area.
Chen Yunxian, the former vice governor of Guangdong Provincial Government and the chairman of Guangdong Provincial Financial Experts Advisory Committee; Chen Zhiying, member of the Standing Committee of Guangzhou Municipal Party Committee and the executive vice mayor of Guangzhou; Liang Jianguo, member of Party Committee of the Financial Affairs Office of Guangdong Provincial Government; Qiu Yitong, director of the Bureau of Financial Affairs of Guangzhou; Huang Xiaobo, secretary of Party Committee of Guangdong University of Finance and Economics; Yu Haifeng, president of Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, Wang Tinghui and Zou Xinyue, both vice presidents of Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, attended the forum.
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Huang Xiaobo delivered a speech on behalf of the organizer. He pointed out that the Bay Area economy is a new highlight of the world economic map. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area has rich innovation factors, mature capital markets and a complete industrial system, which will surely become a highland for financial technology and industrial innovation. With the planning outline for Greater Bay Area coming out soon, the forum themed on “science and technology, finance, industrial integration” is just at the right time to be convened.
By Kevin Holden Dec. 16, 2016 , 9:00 AM
Following the first International Forum of the Bay Area Economic Development held successfully last year, Guangdong University of Finance and Economics held the 2nd International Forum of the Bay Area Economic Development and established a dialogue platform between the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area and the International Bay Area, opening up a new way of global exchange and cooperation in the economic development of the Bay Area. He hoped that the convening of this forum will further bring together the world's top wisdom and agglomeration of essential resources to jointly promote the pace of innovation and development in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area and promote the rapid development of various economic entities in the Bay Area. He said that GDUFE (short for Guangdong University of Finance and Economics) will take the meeting as an opportunity to improve the core competitiveness and influence of the school and better serve the economic construction of Greater Bay Area.
When China’s leaders decided a generation ago to experiment with opening the People’s Republic to global market forces, they created an archipelago of special economic zones (SEZs) along the nation’s southern coast. South China’s resulting transformation into an export powerhouse has helped make the country a world trade titan. Now the region is part of a new round of reforms aimed at reshaping China into a globally connected pioneer in the sciences. China’s universities, along with the National Natural Science Foundation and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), have created award schemes aimed at attracting scientists trained in the United States or Europe to take positions across southern China and to help spur the next stage of the region’s metamorphosis. These strategies are helping power research breakthroughs in the spheres of space science, physics, genomics, and medicine.
Chen Zhiying delivered a speech. He pointed out that the Bay Area economy, as an important coastal economic form, is a prominent highlight of today's international economic map and a prominent symbol of the world's leading coastal cities. Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area aims to promote the deep cooperation between the nine cities in the Pearl River Delta of Guangdong and Hong Kong and Macao, and promote the integration of the region, to create a world-class Greater Bay area with coordinated development and connectivity. As the capital city of Guangdong Province, as well as the core city of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, Guangzhou will further explore and make full use of resources in the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, take the lead in the reform and innovation of Greater Bay Area with the city's humanistic spirit of openness, tolerance, enthusiasm, and truth-seeking, enhance the city's cohesive and radiation power, and promote the coordinated development of the urban agglomerations of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.
From rice paddies to space stations
The morning forum was hosted by Huang Qingan, dean of the International Business School of GDUFE. Anders Johnson, chief of the innovation policy section of the Economic cooperation and trade division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe explained the current trend of hyper global and trans-localization of the economy, on the theme of the sustainable economic development of Asia and proposed that the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area will not only have great significance to China's economic development, but also have a profound impact on Asia and even the world.
The drive to transmute the country’s burgeoning economic might into scientific prowess is evident across southern China. Shenzhen, crisscrossed by rice paddies when it was designated an SEZ, is now one of the world’s fastest growing cities and hosts one of China’s leading genomics outfits. Similarly, the tropical island of Hainan, ringed by fishing villages when it too became an SEZ, opened its new space launch center this summer. Thousands of visitors watched the premier liftoff of the new Long March 7 rocket, along with the prototype of a next-generation human space capsule that it carried into orbit. CAS leaders say spaceflight is a high-priority sector for heightened international cooperation. China recently signed an agreement with the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, outlining Beijing’s pledge “to enable United Nations member states, particularly developing countries, to conduct space experiments onboard China’s space station, as well as to provide flight opportunities for astronauts and payload engineers.” CAS is stepping up its twin drives to boost collaboration on transborder science projects and to increase its standing in worldwide science. One area in which it has made headway is in studies encompassing the formation of the universe, the earliest galaxies, and the solar system. Planetary scientist Yuan Li, a postdoctoral researcher at Rice University in Houston, says he was persuaded to accept a position at the CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry through a Global Youth Experts award. Li is the lead author of a recent Nature Geoscience study, cowritten with colleagues at Rice, which posited that the life-enabling carbon in the Earth’s crust might be the result of a collision between the proto-Earth and a Mercury-like planet about 4.4 billion years ago. That collision was distinct from the interplanetary smashup that scientists believe gave birth to the Moon during the early formation of the solar system. “During the accretion of our Earth, there were probably numerous collisions between the proto-Earth and small planetary embryos,” says Li. This early period in the solar system’s evolution, he adds, might have resembled a massive billiards game involving the inner protoplanets crashing into each other before entering stabilized orbits around the sun. Li’s paper is part of a steady rise of articles written by Chinese scholars and published in the world’s leading academic journals. He says China’s expanding constellation of incentives for scientists is a powerful attraction for scholars trained in the West. “In the past five years, thousands of young scientists like me have returned to China,” he says.
Zhang Yuyan, director of the Institute of World Politics and Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said about the advantages and difficulties faced by the current construction of the Greater Bay Area, and proposed that the multi-pronged approach from the perspective of artifacts, systems, currencies and ideas should be implemented to promote the economic construction of the Greater Bay Area. Harald Hau, Professor of finance, from the Finance Institute at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, shared his research on credit issues in China's financial markets and talked about the impact of today's financial science and technology on China's credit market. Chen Yunxian expounded his thoughts on the financial development of Greater Bay Area, and pointed out that we should explore key breakthrough areas, establish and improve offshore onshore special accounts and propose the concept of NRA+.
Particle physics breakthroughs
The afternoon forum was hosted by Wang Tinghui, and four top Chinese and foreign scholars held an ideological confrontation on the theme of “Financial Science and Technology Industry Integration and Promoting Economic Development in the Bay Area”. Shahina Waheed, the National Project Coordination Officer from United Nations Industrial Development Organization , cited Pakistan’s practice as an exploration pattern, and proposed to utilize the clean technology innovation to lead the economic growth, around the innovation and entrepreneurship of regional clean technology construction. Ye Zhen, Professor of finance, from Coventry University London, gave a speech on the theme of “Financial Clustering, Innovation Incentives”. Nigel de Bussy, vice president of Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia and also dean of the Business School of Curtin University, emphasized the importance of building local brands.
China is interested not only in the macroworld, it is also keen on the microworld. Scientists with an advanced degree in physics who have accepted positions at south China universities are helping track and explain how neutrinos morph into different types, or generations, as they fly through space at nearly the speed of light. These physicists have joined an international team of scientists who are studying nuclear reactor–produced neutrinos in the southern Chinese seaside resort of Daya Bay. Collaboration on these experiments involves universities and physicists stretching across four continents, says Kam-Biu Luk, a professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley, and a distinguished visiting scholar at the University of Hong Kong. Luk, who heads the international participation in the project, says this exploration of the long-shrouded world of neutrinos is one of the most outstanding experiments in particle physics ever conducted by joint groups of universities based in China and the United States. Physicists at the University of Hong Kong, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen University, Dongguan University of Technology, and Sun Yat-sen University have joined counterparts at Yale, Princeton, and other laboratories in this expanding experiment. Chinese scientists involved in these neutrino observations, along with the international team headed by Luk, were awarded the prestigious Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics in 2016, for outlining how neutrinos transform as they speed through the cosmos. They won, according to the prize citation, for “revealing a new frontier beyond, and possibly far beyond, the standard model of particle physics.” Due to the rapidly growing neutrino physics programs in China, Jiajie Ling, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Illinois who is now a professor in physics at Sun Yat-sen University, opted to take a position there with start-up funding support from the Thousand Talents Program for Distinguished Young Scholars. He is helping to guide a new series of experiments at Daya Bay: the search for the hypothesized “sterile neutrino.” This proposed fourth type of neutrino could be a form of the elusive dark matter that scientists have been searching for since the last century, says Ling.
Yu Haifeng proposed to build an innovative ecosystem in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area and build an innovative community. He pointed out that the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area has already the basic conditions for building an innovative ecosystem, but at the same time it faces the challenges of uneven distribution of innovative resources in the region, lack of coordination and waste of resources, and large differences in the systems of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, which hinder the flow of innovation factors. In this regard, he proposed to promote the deep integration of industry, academia and research, innovation and technology together to enhance efficiency, give full play to the main position of science and technology enterprises in the Bay Area in innovation, accelerate the construction of a globally competitive team of innovative talents and break down administrative barriers, and eliminate the contradiction between regional integration and stimulate innovation.
Future home of particle colliders
The round table meeting was hosted by Ye zhen, in which experts discussed around “The Financial, Science and Technology Industry Integration Development in the Greater Bay Area”. Zou Xinyue analyzed how to make different cities in Guangdong-Hong Kong and Macau Greater Bay Area play their respective roles according to their own characteristics He believes that Greater Bay Area should consolidate Hong Kong's status, regulate the development of Macau's gaming industry, strengthen Shenzhen's core role, and integrate the rising Guangzhou trade industry. He pointed out that Greater Bay Area bears the mission of building a strong country, which also needs to attach great importance to the risks precautions in the process of institutional reform, technological innovation, and financial openness.
According to Ling, the massive neutrino study he is working on is helping China move closer to realizing its plans to host an international coalition of elite physicists around its proposed supercollider projects. China’s top-echelon physicists, in tandem with leading scientists worldwide, are designing a ringed particle smasher measuring up to 100 kilometers in circumference that would initially be configured as an electron–positron collider, and would later also host a proton–proton accelerator. “After so many years of preparation and joining world-wide experiments, now is a fantastic time for China to host the Circular Electron–Positron Collider and the Super Proton–Proton Collider,” Ling says. “More importantly, it is also China’s responsibility to contribute to advancing high-energy physics and humanity’s knowledge about the universe.” Jie Gao, one of the leaders of the twin circular collider projects at the CAS Institute of High Energy Physics, says southern Guangdong Province is a leading contender to host the ringed accelerators. Chinese and American scientists who are laying the groundwork for what would be the largest and most sophisticated particle physics lab in history predict it could attract thousands of the world’s experimental physicists to take up positions in China’s planned “collider city.” Alain Blondel, one of the primary shapers of the Future Circular Collider being mapped out by CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland, says “it would be fantastic” if the leaders of CERN and of the Chinese supercollider program wind up competing to attract the globe’s foremost physicists. Tao Liu, a physicist at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, echoes this sentiment. He says China’s planned collider project is the most exciting ever to capture the attention of leading physics professors and science students across Hong Kong. The supercolliders, Liu adds, will “boost development in science and society in the coming decades, [and] will inspire young talents of this and future generations to devote themselves to the exploration of basic science.”
At the forum, Liu Lou, deputy director of the Guangdong Regional Management Innovation Research Center, introduced the "Guangdong-Hong Kong and Macau Greater Bay Area Research Report". The report, which will be completed in this September, includes the enlightenment of other Bay Areas in the world to the Guangdong-Hong Kong and Macau Greater Bay Area, the problems faced by Guangdong-Hong Kong and Macau Greater Bay Area construction, and the corresponding development strategies and recommendations.
Mining the genome
The First Forum of the Great Bay of Economic Development was held by Guangdong University of Finance and Economics on Nov. 21st 2017.
Just across the border from Hong Kong, universities and the local government in Shenzhen are channeling their expanding funds into making globally recognized advances in life science research and applications. “Shenzhen has repositioned itself as one of the world’s leading centers for genetics research,” says Bicheng Yang, communications director at the genomics outfit BGI, which is moving forward with plans to create a specialized life science college in partnership with the South China University of Technology (SCUT) and the University of Copenhagen. Four years ago, BGI signed a cooperation pact with the Gates Foundation to set up joint training programs with the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and SCUT. “The aim is to integrate the new college more and more into scientific research that stretches across the continents,” she explains. Xin Jin, a genomics expert with dual research positions at BGI and at the SCUT, says, “One of the most exciting projects we are working on is the Chinese Million-ome Project, aimed at decoding one million Chinese genomes across the entire country.” The university and BGI are also exploring the use of genomics to map the genetic evolution of current populations dating back to the early modern humans who trekked to Asia more than 40,000 years ago, and their admixture with more archaic species, adds Jin, who coauthored a study on this topic published in Nature.
与香港(Hong Kong卡塔尔国著名明星刘锡贤合相 与法兰西共和国美味的吃食会布兰太尔分团体首领何弘邦在协作
The first forum had invited Prof. Sargent, the Nobel Prize winner to make the keynote speech, which had attracted more than 4,000 attendees from China and generated a wide-reaching impact. The Forum will be held every year, which will welcome famous experts from all over the world.
At the frontier of human genome editing